"Who Was Jesus? Fingerprints of the
Christ just might be the best introduction to the origins of the Jesus story
Note on the revised edition: The cover has been updated, as has the font
of the text. Although the book remains substantially the same, typos and errors have been corrected, and new
citations and annotations have also been included. The page numbering, table of contents and index remain the
Who Was Jesus? Fingerprints of The Christ
(Note the following video depicts the
From: Acharya S aka D.M. Murdock
For years, people have asked me to provide a short and easy-to-read summary
of the "life of Jesus" to share with family and friends. Who Was Jesus? Fingerprints of The
Christ is a book designed to do just that.
Who Was Jesus? is
specifically designed for Christians and uses mainly Christian texts and authorities. It starts out recounting the
story of Christ found mostly in Matthew, followed by a short discussion of each of the other
gospels, where they meet and diverge from each other. Next, I discuss the concept of "textual
harmonization" as well as the gospel dates, revealing that the gospels are a mass of
"variant readings" and that their authorship and
dates are uncertain. I also delve into some Old Testament
"prefiguring" and "prophecies," providing all-new, original side-by-side
charts. Next come many reasons why people do not believe the story of Jesus Christ, along with
the standard apologies for such objections and a chapter discussing whether or not the gospel
story is history or propaganda. Finally there is a conclusion reminding
the readers how much of our future rests upon this issue and how it should not be taken
"I wanted to tell you how much I have enjoyed
Who Was Jesus? Fingerprints of The Christ!"
"I ordered two books and have been passing them from one
person to another and the response is amazing.
"Some people have ordered their own book and the effects are
"People I had never been able to get through to before are
now talking about the possibilities that all is not as they had been
"Your books have lifted me out of the
delusional world of Christianity and have been my arsenal of truth.
"...an extremely thorough, meticulous
and competent scholar, whose work has been unfairly overlooked by too many, for too little
"I personally loved this book. D.M. Murdock
raises some of the most painful truths about the lack of historical data pertaining to the
Jesus of the gospels. If you were to ask me, I would tell you that D.M. Murdock/Acharya S is an
extremely thorough, meticulous and competent scholar, whose work has been unfairly overlooked
by too many, for too little reason."
Michael Sherlock, The Gospel of Atheism and
"This book must be the best
introduction to this topic that I have ever encountered."
"Who Was Jesus? Fingerprints of The
Christ contains never-before-seen material in a conveniently sized book of 296
Jesus? is perfect for the believer and
non-believer alike! In fact, this book will help these two groups understand each other
Who Was Jesus? leads the reader
gently through the problems revealed within New Testament scholarship. These are serious difficulties
widely known by New Testament scholars, Christian or otherwise, but they are rarely brought to light to the
Using biblical and Christian texts, Who was
"Who Was Jesus? Fingerprints of The Christ includes
a Foreword by Dr. Robert M. Price!"
"Divine Acharya -
"I'm proud and privileged to be part of this book!
Thanks so much for the opportunity!"
"Who Was Jesus? is a fine work, characterized by
your unique ability to spot neglected implications and aspects of debates..."
Robert M. Price, Ph.D
The Pre-Nicene New Testament
Who Was Jesus? Fingerprints of The Christ contains quotes from the
following Christian authorities, apologists and evangelicals, as well as New Testament scholars:
Craig L. Blomberg
William Lane Craig
John Dominic Crossan
John P. Meier
Bruce M. Metzger
Ronald H. Nash
Merrill C. Tenney
"I've known people with triple Ph.D's who haven't come
close to the scholarship here."
"I think I've read every popular alternative theory about
Jesus that has come down the pike--with Who Was Jesus I was very
"This book gives me pause for serious thought."
Pastor David Bruce, M.Div
North Park Seminary, Chicago
"Be sure to take a look at the TOC and excerpts below!"
Table of Contents Excerpts from Who Was
"I can recommend your work
"D.M. Murdock, aka 'Acharya S,' has written a really fine
introduction to the problem of the Historical Jesus. She couches everything in the most basic
terms, comprehensible to the layman, and lays out the problem and all the issues in a both
really readable and digestible form.
"Her charts are insightful and extremely useful and presented
in such a way as to make things immediately plausible to the general reader.
"I can recommend her work whole-heartedly for anyone on a
world-wide basis who really wants to know what is at stake in approaching and coming to terms
with the real person behind the literary image provided by those who created the story of
Robert H. Eisenman, Ph.D
James the Brother of Jesus and
The New Testament Code
"Did Jesus fulfill prophecy?"
Find out here!
"I loved this book. It is absolutely superb in
every way, from the eloquence of the writing to the integrity of the scholarship. This
book should be required reading in every American classroom...."
"Ms. Murdock is one of only a tiny number of scholars with
the richly diverse academic background (and the necessary courage) to adequately address the
question of whether Jesus Christ truly existed as a walking-talking figure in first-century
Palestine. This question, and many others related to New Testament reliability, are directly
confronted and satisfyingly answered in Who Was Jesus?
"My personal recommendation is that Who Was Jesus? should be
the first book purchased and studied by anyone, atheist or true believer, who wants to debate
Jesus' existence and the Bible's veracity.... You should therefore make this book priority
reading even over The God Delusion, God is Not Great and other excellent
but, in my opinion, less important books than Murdock's....
"My very favorite chapter began on page 139: 'Questions About
The Gospel Story.' If the battle between atheism and Christianity may be described as a
philosophical and theological war, then this chapter provides your invincible arsenal of
weapons of mass destruction....
"Murdock has stated that she doesn’t tell her readers what to
believe: She just presents the evidence. Perhaps so. But the evidence she presents is so
compelling and so skillfully argued that the conclusion, it seems to me, is inescapable:
Christianity is merely another ancient mythology, like Greek or Roman mythology. Murdock has
devastatingly checkmated her theologically enslaved opponents in this debate...
"To summarize: D.M. Murdock's Who
Was Jesus? Fingerprints of The Christ is unquestionably one of the finest and most
enjoyable books I've ever read."
"It is thorough and scholarly, yet pleasurably provides
invaluable knowledge on the most riveting of all subjects...."
"When were the gospels
Find out here!
"Who Was Jesus? Fingerprints of the
Christ just might be the best short introduction to Biblical scholarship
"If you have ever entertained questions about the Jesus story
as told in the gospels, the first four books of the New Testament, but were at a loss as to how
to research and answer those questions, Who Was Jesus? by D.M. Murdock is the book
"For some people, the Bible, and every word in it, represents
the infallible, immutable Word of God. According to them, that Word tells us Jesus was God
himself, here on earth in the flesh, on a mission to redeem his own fallen, sinful creation,
man. Further, redemption required that Christ/God be killed, made a blood sacrifice to save man
from eternal hellfire. If it's all infallibly true, how could it be that the four gospels
(Matthew, Mark, Luke and John) tell different and contradictory stories about the birth and
life of Jesus, about what he said and did, and about his resurrection? As Ms. Murdock clearly
shows, the answer to this and many similar questions is that the New Testament was the product
of a large number of writers and copyists who modified existing scriptures, religious ideas and
stories to accord with Old Testament prophecy about a future messiah. All of this
story-creation and modifying took place in the first four centuries of the common era, within
the political context of the declining Roman Empire, a situation causing a culling process that
ultimately selected the books that became the Bible from a much larger field of Christ stories.
The Bible is the end product of centuries of tinkering by people who had political axes to
grind-a fact explaining a great deal and neatly demonstrated in this gem of a book.
"Today, views about Christ fall into three basic categories:
First and foremost, many believe the Bible to be infallible, the word of God, telling us that
Jesus was God himself, incarnated as God's son on earth, born of a virgin, who performed
miracles, was crucified, dead for three days then came back to life and returned to heaven. The
second view is that Jesus was not divine, but was a prophet, a fabulous man who taught morality
through parables, and gathered a great following. According to this view he may or may not have
been crucified, but his followers went on to build a religion and a church based on his
teachings. The basis for this belief is, typically, that millions of people have believed in
him for 2,000 years so he must have existed. But being the son of God, the miracles, death and
resurrection-that’s just a bit much for anyone with a healthy stripe of skepticism. The third
view is that the Jesus story is pure myth. It is extrapolated from and built upon the many "son
of God, born of virgin, savior messiah" myths that existed in the civilized world 2,000 to
5,000 years ago. The storyline was familiar to the early converts, making it easy for church
leaders to sell them on it. But it was only a myth, with no historical record to support
"Now, which one of these hypotheses is best supported by the
relevant evidence? Who should have the burden of proof? Should it be those who contend that
Jesus was the son of God and that the Bible stories are true, or the skeptics who contend that
these stories don't stand to reason? These are the key investigations "forensically" undertaken
in Who Was Jesus? Fingerprints of The Christ-and what differentiate this book from the
rest of the "historical Jesus" efforts.
"In her analysis, Ms. Murdock - aka "Acharya S" -
readily demonstrates the many internal problems of the New Testament, including anachronisms,
contradictions and the utter lack of a historical record."
"In this endeavor, the author brings to light some surprising
data, including the fact that the four canonical gospels as we have them do not appear
clearly in the historical record until late into the second century. This contention
is sure to cause controversy, as, although it is well supported by the evidence, it goes
squarely against current mainstream scholarship. Murdock also shows that there is no
scientific evidence for the events related in the gospel story-or even for the existence of
Jesus Christ himself-and she reveals numerous precedents found in the Old Testament that
appear to have been reworked to produce the story in the New. In the end, Who Was
Jesus? asks, even if there was a "historical Jesus," can we truly find him to be the
exemplar of morality that has contributed to the betterment of life on Earth? Or has this
belief caused an unending amount of grief and destruction that could lead us into the "End
Times" so widely touted by fervent believers?"
"Who Was Jesus? by D.M. Murdock is a 'must
read' for anyone who has ever wondered about the origins of the Jesus tale, whether or not it
stands up to critical scrutiny, and whether it really is the 'greatest story ever
1984 Libertarian Party Presidential Candidate
Libertarianism In One Lesson
Was Jesus Christ truly the divine Son of God who walked the
earth 2,000 years ago? How can we be sure the
gospel story is an accurate and
infallibly related historical account? When the gospels are examined
scientifically, can we truthfully uphold them as "inerrant?" Is it possible to assert honestly and ethically
that the Bible is the inspired Word of God? The answers to these questions and many more may surprise and
"Probably the best of this genre..."
"Thirty years ago, when in divinity school, I might have had
second thoughts about becoming an Episcopal priest if a book like D. M. Murdock's Who Was
Jesus? had been available to me.
Murdock's book, probably the best of this genre - written
with clarity, precision, and conviction - unpacks most of the nonsense and mythology
surrounding the ancient Hebrew figure called Jesus and presents a compelling picture of a
mythological amalgam to counter most of the misinformation and wishful-thinking that passes for
Christian apologetics today.
Retired university professor of History and Religion
Founder and Executive Director of The Jefferson Center
"Is the King James Bible inspired?"
Find out here!
"You have provided a valuable addition to the mass of literature already
analyzing gospel tradition, and your arguments are both incontrovertible and stated with
"I have finished your book, and I wish every member of every
Christian congregation could be made to read it through, slowly and carefully (which is
obviously NOT the way they read the Bible). If this were done, certainly there would be mighty
reductions in membership.
The Women's Encyclopedia of Myths and Secrets
Is the New Testament a
"historical record" or
"factual biography" of what really happened, or a
tool for the priesthood to lay down
doctrines and dogma as they were developed over the
"Was Jesus the
"Was Christ the Savior of
"Was He a Cynic sage or a
"Or was Jesus Christ something altogether different?"
"Thoroughly researched and reasoned, and yet a delightfully readable
book. A treasure."
"Who Was Jesus? Fingerprints of The
Christ makes extensive use of Christianity's own sacred texts to deconstuct the Jesus
"Makes a GREAT GIFT - order as many copies as you
Buying the book through this page here may be
somewhat pricier. But...
"If you buy Who Was Jesus? through this Stellar House
webpage, we will throw in a free ebook, The Acharya Articles Collection ."
The Acharya Articles Collection consists of three articles adapted
from chapters in my book Suns of God: Krishna, Buddha and Christ Unveiled and originally published in
"But wait! You will receive not one, not two, but three free ebooks for
purchasing Who Was Jesus? through this site!"
Buy Who Was Jesus? here and received not only The Acharya Articles
Collection but also the ebooks of The Companion Guide to ZEITGEIST, Part 1 and Jesus as the Sun throughout History!
"Your purchase through this site will contribute to D.M. Murdock/Acharya's
"This is a first class piece of work that will be referred to over and over
by the readers."
"I am not aware of another book on the subject of
Christianity that packs more information into 296 pages than Who Was Jesus? D. M.
Murdock, also known as Acharya, has written another very fine book on New Testament
"The planning and the detail in this book show that
everything is well thought out and clearly presented.
"Christians and skeptics alike will find Who Was
Jesus? is not vindictive or condescending in the way the information is presented.
Because many of the details may be new to the reader, this is a book every Bible
student should have in their personal library."
Christian Biblical Errancy Debate
The ISBN for Who Was Jesus? Fingerprints of The Christ is
0979963109, in case you wish to order through your local bookstore. This book is currently available
through Amazon, in case you wish to economize.
Who Was Jesus? Ranked at No. 7 on Amazon in "New Testament Biographies!"
Barnes & Noble also has the book for sale on
its website. At this time, because this book is a print-on-demand edition, we cannot accept
"Acharya has done a fascinating job on her latest book
as she explains all the fallacies, misconceptions, and errors concerning the story of
"D. M. Murdock, aka Acharya S., has done it again with her
new book called Who Was Jesus? The Fingerprints of the Christ. This time she did
what I always believed could be done, which is that we can take the Bible and show how it is a
work of fiction. She does this by using various Christian and New Testament scholars,
authorities, apologists, and evangelicals, such as Bart Ehrman and John Dominic Crossan. She
shows various misinterpretations from Hebrew, Greek, and Latin, as well as, how the stories
were made from blueprints of other stories and the contradictions of the Bible.
"The book starts out as a very easy read for novices and
momentum builds as she goes into a deeper understanding of how the stories cannot be taken as
the literal inerrant word of God, inspired by God, but rather errant and inspired by humans.
She starts each chapter with quotes by well-known scholars, appreciated by most Christians, and
works from there showing how their statements convey the stories as fables and no more
historical value or truth than John Jakes's North and South or Aesop's
"As Acharya goes through Gospels she relates the story of
Jesus to previous stories in the Old Testament and shows how those stories are templates for
the New Testament stories. She also shows how the Gospels not only contradict each other, but
also do not have the same stories or even tell them the same way, thus showing they are not
actual eyewitness accounts, but rather various midrashes and rewrites of other stories.... She
also uses other sources outside the Bible that point to forgeries and interpolations, by using
scholars who have studied Pliny, Flavius, and others, and found in them statements that the
founders of Christianity manipulated to impose the religion on the masses and make it look
historical, when in fact it was not.
"Finally, her knowledge of ancient languages appears as she
explains various words or even sentences that were translated inaccurately. In fact, some
ancient manuscripts do not have some verses and ancient church fathers showed no knowledge of
these verses or are total mistranslations. In some cases, Acharya gives a translation of some
verses or statements originally in Greek or Latin, by showing both the original and the
translation. Other times she shows us the mistranslated word or words and tells us the actual
word in the ancient documents.
"Acharya has done a fascinating job on her latest book as she
explains all the fallacies, misconceptions, and errors concerning the story of Jesus. This book
shows she has put in many hours of research to assist in the many questions and inquiries
concerning the contradictions, similarities to past stories, and actual or, rather,
not actual historicity of the Bible. In the end, the logical conclusion is, in
Robert Price's words, there never was an actual historical Jesus, or, if there ever was, he is
too buried in myth to ever find him."
Please feel free to spread copies of
Who Was Jesus? around, including donating to public and university libraries!
Thank you for your help in bettering life
CEO and President
Stellar House Publishing
(Note the following Google Book
Search depicts the older, pre-revision edition.)
Who Was Jesus? Ebook
© Stellar House Publishing, LLC and Acharya S/D.M.