The Moon

Excerpted from
The 2012 Astrotheology Calendar

As is the case with the solar orb, there exist many myths about the moon from numerous cultures throughout history. Therefore, we have selected just a few prominent examples that clearly reveal astrotheological aspects. For instance, in the myth of the Egyptian god Osiris, who in addition to embodying the life force and water also was both solar and lunar, the deity "lives" to the age of 28, after which he is torn into 14 pieces by his enemy Set/Seth, symbolizing in this case the serpent of the night sky. The "age" of 28 or so represents the lunar month, while the 14 pieces, of course, reflect the days of the month when the moon wanes.

Lunar mythology may likewise be revealed in stories involving the number 30, as in the "age" supposedly attained by Jesus before his death, but in reality denoting the days in a lunar month according to some ancient calendars. The number seven also rates as important in lunar myths, as it signifies the days of the week of a 28-day lunar month perfectly divided into four.

One of the earliest artifacts we possess is the 21,000-year-old "Venus of Laussel," a figurine of a voluptuous female or "goddess" holding a horn with 13 marks, undoubtedly denoting both the lunar months of the year and the yearly menstrual cycle.

The gravitational pull of the moon may likewise be present in lunar mythology, such as, perhaps, the biblical myth in which the solar hero Samson's hair is cut by the lunar goddess Delilah. This biblical tale possesses the knowledge also found in another widespread myth depicting the lunar goddess giving birth to the sun: To wit, the moon reflects the sun's light. This same motif may be the basis for the Greek myth of the lunar god Hermes stealing the sun god Apollo's "cattle," representing the sun rays driven ahead of the solar orb.

Following are a few of the world's lunar deities: al-Lat, al-Uzza, Alignak, Allah, Arebati, Artemis, Avatea, Cerridwen, Coyolxauhqui, Diana, Hecate, Heng-O, Hermes, Hubul, Ix Chel, Khons/Khonsu, Mawu, Mayari, Nanna, Pah, Selene or Luna, Sin/Nanna, Soma, Thoth, Tsuki-Yomi, Yarikh.